Workshop on African Swine Fever surveillance and wildlife management

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The Workshop on African Swine Fever surveillance and wildlife management is organised within the Better Training for Safer Food initiative.
  
The workshop will take place from October 25th to 27th in Prague – Czech Republic, and will be held in English language.
  
The same training was already carried out last year in Minsk from November 16th to 18th 2016, and delegates from Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia took part in the training. We kindly request that all countries nominate at least one participant responsible for wildlife management (officials from national agencies dealing with forestry /wildlife management).
  
This is related to the need to strengthen links and facilitate communication between Veterinary Services and other stakeholders in the country.   

 

 

Workshop on ASF surveillance and wildlife management

ASF

 

BTSF GF-TADS Workshop – One day workshop on ASF surveillance and wildlife management 
Olomouc, 12th October 2017 (NH Collection Olomouc Congress, Legionárská 21. 779 00, Olomouc, Czech Republic)  

Time Contents Trainer  
9:00 - 9:15 Welcome, introduction, aims Experts, Host country representative  

9:15 - 10:10 Wild Boar ecology (Geographical distribution, Demography, Census and hunting methods) AIM: participants will have an overview of the wild boar management system through the infected countries in order to compare densities, census methods and the different demographic structure resulting from different management strategies 

10:10 - 11:00 ASF in wild boar in Eastern Europe (Geographical spread, epidemiological role played by the wild boar, transmission patterns, risk factors) AIM: participants will have an overview of the main epidemiological  characteristics of ASF epidemiology. Modes of transmission (direct and  indirect) will be presented; the concept of wild boar threshold density and Critical Community size will be discussed in the light of the possible density dependent eradication of the infection. Presentation of the concept of ASF virus environmental contamination and its role in virus maintenance and spreading.  

11:15 -11:50 ASF International legislation; legislation within the EU, OIE legislation, diagnostic standards of the UE diagnostic manual, EU and Terrestrial Code surveillance models 

11:50 - 12:45 ASF surveillance in wild boar (early detection in free areas; monitoring in infected areas; sampling and epidemiological parameters estimation); AIM: Participants receive key info in order to understand which surveillancestrategy (passive vs active, Ag detection vs Ab detection) is the best choice in the framework of ASF early detection in free areas and monitoring in infected areas.  

12:45 -14:00 Wild boar data collection in ASF infected areas (management units: hunting vs administrative units; seasonality: biological periods vs calendar year; structure of the sampled population: age and gender classes; prevalence in dead vs hunted animals);  AIM: participants will receive advice on how to organize the data in order to fill the most common gaps observed when Wild boar management and hunting derived data are collate together with Domestic animal health data.  

14:35 - 15:10 ASF in wild boar: practical management (designing a wild boar infected area; set quotas and hunting bags); AIM: Participants will receive information regarding the main strategies and their implementation in wild boar infected areas in order to achieve the eradication of the virus.  

15:10 - 15:45 Biosecurity in ASF in wild boar infected areas (role of biosecurity measures during hunting; safe disposal of carcasses and infected hunted animals, practical organization of biosecurity facilities in Hunting ground; management of hunted animals while waiting ASF test results); AIM: participants will be informed regarding the role of biosecurity and how to arrange the minimum set of measures in hunting grounds.  

15:45 - 16:00 Group exercise a) surveillance; b) population management; c) data collection and reporting Participants   

16:45 -17:30 Discussion on exercise results Participants and experts   

17:30 Closure of the training 

 

The first occurrence of African swine fever in history has been confirmed in the population of wild boars in the Czech Republic

Testing has proven the disease in two dead wild boars in the Region Zlín. The source of the disease, as well as other circumstances, are under investigation performed by the State Veterinary Administration of the Czech Republic (hereinafter referred to as the “SVA”) currently. All age categories of domestic pigs and wild boars can by infected by the disease agent; however, the disease is not transmissible to humans or other animal species. 

The SVA is currently preparing emergency veterinary measures. Based on these measures, a zone (so called “infected area”) will be established around the place of finding of the animals. In the zone, a ban on hunting of wild boars will be applied and the monitoring of wild boars will be intensified. At the same time, a census of all domestic pigs kept in the area will be performed and keepers will have to notify all changes in the health state of domestic pigs. In addition to that, they will have to inform the relevant Regional Veterinary Administration (hereinafter referred to as the “RVA”) on any planned domestic slaughtering of domestic pigs.  

“It is obvious that our veterinary administration operates effectively since it has quickly detected the source of the disease. For the present, we have a reason for watchfulness but not for excessive fears. If the disease spreads after all to commercial holdings, we would require especial compensations for losses of profit of our keepers from the European Commission”, said the Minister of Agriculture, Mr Marian Jurečka. “All measures taken are aimed particularly at the prevention of intrusion of the disease to holdings keeping domestic pigs”, added the Director General of the SVA, Mr Zbyněk Semerád.  

In accordance with legislation which is currently in force, an expert group consisting of veterinarians, hunters, experts in animal diseases, as well as experts in wild boars, will be established. The group will assist to the relevant RVA at the analysis of animal disease situation, defining of infected area and implementation of eradication plan.  

ASF is an acute, highly infectious disease of pigs similar to classical swine fever. It is characterised by a high, almost 100%, mortality. Warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus) was the original resource of the disease from which soft ticks of the Ornithodoros genus were infected. The disease manifests by a high fever up to 42 °C which can, according to the course of the disease, last even several days. First signs appear at the decline in the temperature. Animals show lassitude, breathing with difficulties, loss of appetite, haemorrhagic diarrhoea and vomitus. In the population of wild boars, the virus is spread in particular by a direct contact but also by feed, water and articles.  

Since African swine fever is a dangerous contagious animal disease, binding rules apply at its occurrence in the territory of an EU Member State. As any other Member State, the Czech Republic will have to send within 90 days after the confirmation of the first case to the European Commission a plan of measures for the eradication of the disease in defined infected area.  

African swine fever has for several years been present in certain countries of the former Soviet Union, in Baltic states, in neighbouring Poland and lately also in Ukraine. Already from seventies of 20th century, it has been also present in Sardinia from which, however, it does not spread elsewhere. Totally 467 samples were tested serologically and virologically to the end of the year 2016, all with negative results.  

 

 

Workshop on African Swine Fever (ASF) in the Czech Republic

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Workshop on African Swine Fever (ASF) in the Czech Republic organised by National level

Due to the Evolution of the Epidemiological Situation of African Swine Fever in the Czech Republic (the first positive case was detected on 26 June 2017), we are fully aware of the seriousness of the situation. The State Veterinary Administration launched the Epidemiology Training Programme for hunters, representatives of hunter associations, forestry management in response to the recent incursion of African swine fever (ASF) into the Czech Republic. 

The State Veterinary Administration is organising for hunters a cycle of trainin sessions in the fields of African Swine Fever. More than 1,000 hunters were trained in the Zlín region from July to August.

African swine fever (ASF) is a highly transmissible disease affecting pigs and wild boars with serious socio-economic and wildlife consequences. The disease can spread rapidly, irrespective of national borders. ASF is not a human health threat. No vaccine or specific treatment is currently available for ASF. Therefore, disease control is mainly based on early detection and the application of strict sanitary and biosecurity measures.

Workshop on African Swine Fever (ASF) in the Czech Republic organised by Community level

EC is planning to organise a one day workshop on surveillance and wildlife management for African Swine Fever in the Czech Republic (also in Germany, Austria).

TARGET PARTICIPANTS: only Czech, mainly hunters, representatives of hunter associations, forestry management and veterinarians. The number of participants can be between minimum 35 to maximum 50.  TOPICS: The topics to be addressed during the workshop include ASF in wild boar and management of wild boar population, wild boar data collection in ASF infected areas, best practices in biosecurity and implementation of GFTADs recommendations. GFTAD - Global Framework for the progressive control of Transboundary Animal Diseases.
DATE: October 12, 2017, from 9:00 to 17:30
FUNDING and ORGANISATION: The costs and organisation of experts, meeting room, lunch, coffee break and interpretation will be covered by contractor. On the other hand, the project does not cover costs for travel and accommodation of participants.
LOCATION: NH Collection Olomouc Congress, Legionářská 21. 779 00, Olomouc, Czech Republic) 

The training will be held with simultaneous interpretation in Czech so as to reach also hunters and veterinary officials that are not fluent in English. 

 

 

Highly pathogenic avian influenza situation in the Czech Republic

The occurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) of subtype H5 in poultry in the Czech Republic. 

From 4th January to 23rd February 2017 in total 32 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) outbreaks was confirmed in the Czech Republic:

  • 31 HPAI H5N8 outbreaks in 10 regions (Southern Moravian, Central Bohemian, Southern Bohemian, Olomouc, Liberec, Moravian-Silesian, Ústí nad Labem, Pardubice, Hradec Králové and Plzeň region); non-commercial back-yards flocks 28 outbreaks and commercial holdings 3 outbreaks
  • 1 HPAI H5N5 was confirmed in the Zoological garden Liberec (region Liberec) in captive birds.

Please be informed that no poultry products and animals were sent from infected holdings and all measures taken by the State Veterinary Administration are in accordance with EU legislation.

  • The occurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) of subtype H5 in wild animals in the Czech Republic.

Since 4th January 2017 the HPAI H5N8 virus was confirmed in 52 wild birds found dead (40 swans, 8 ducks, 2 goose, 2 heron) in 13 region of the Czech Republic (Prague, Southern Moravian, Southern Bohemian, Central Bohemian, Moravian-Silesian, Zlín, Olomouc, Hradec Králové, Karlovy Vary, Pardubice, Ústí nad Labem, Liberec and Vysočina region). 

State Veterinary Administration